is grammar and how should
we teach it ?
by Jeanette Corbett
- lesson plan 1
First Certificate - Upper intermediate
Main aim: To introduce and review comparisons through
a text, then heighten students´awareness of the use
of modifiers and nouns with comparatives.
a) Vocabulary: to introduce and revise vocabulary associated
with the family.
b) Speaking: To give students the opportunity to talk about
their families & use comparisons as required.
c) To evaluate student knowledge of character and description
adjectives related to people.
fit: The lesson is 1st in a series of 5 scheduled for
Unit 3 (refer to the attached timetable). The theme of the
unit is family and therefore provides the context for the
lesson. The introduction of both the vocabulary and language
is to support the speaking activity and for future lessons.
Both will be recycled in the future lessons, keeping with
the need for a syllabus to be cyclical.
knowledge: Students have a basic knowledge of family vocabulary.
They already have an understanding of comparisons. Students
are sufficiently interested in the topic of families to speak
problems & solutions: Students may not have any knowledge
of modifiers in relation to comparisons and will be unable
to complete the T-F statements effectively. If this happens
I will allow other students to peer teach or demonstrate sentences
using rods. The text (stage 6) may not contain sufficient
information to generate interest for discussion or comparison.
I hope by brainstorming qualities before the students will
be interested and provide a springboard for discussion.
First Certificate Gold Maximiser, text only, page 25
Prepared worksheet with T-F statements and rules for comparisons.
Text about a Spanish family.
They are a general adult English class based at the school.
Though there are 10 students registered attendance is sometimes
low, as the majority of the students are working. Quite often
there are latecomers, arriving direct from work. The age group
is from early twenties upwards and the class dynamics are
good but they are often tired.
- one of the youngest students, currently studying medicine
and is keen to do the FC exam with a view to studying abroad.
He is strong in all skills, he enjoys speaking but is concerned
about his accuracy.
- one of the older students, he is working as a social worker
, having re-trained. He has studied English for a number of
years but only recently returned to IH. He is often unconfident
about his abilities, he is keen to express himself but sometimes
has poor pronunciation on individual words.
- She works in a local bank, in the accounts department. She
has been studying at IH for a number of years and is keen
to improve her English. Generally a quiet student, who likes
to listen and participate rather than dominate the group.
She is strong in all skills, but is concerned about her listening.
- one of the youngest students, currently doing environmental
studies at the university. She is also keen to the FC exam
but unfortunately is one of the weakest in the class. She
often has to miss classes due to her studies but always does
her homework. She is weak in speaking, suffering mainly from
lack of fluency.
- He works in customer service, having moved to Madrid quite
recently. He has been studying English for a number of years
& spent the previous year, studying at home. He is keen
to learn but prefers an explanation from the teacher rather
than self discovery. He is strong in all skills. He particularly
likes speaking but often doesn't interact very well.
Luis - He works for American Express and has been to England
on training courses. I understand he uses English a lot in
his work but I'm not entirely sure if he likes English. He
has been at IH for a number of years. He is a strong speaker,
with good fluency. His attendance depends on his job.
Luis Migel - He works in a local financial company, which
I believe has links with England. He is a quiet student, who
knows more than he is prepared to say. He is good in all skills
and has studied at IH before. Again his attendance depends
on his work
- He is an agricultural journalist, who visits farms throughout
Spain. For this his attendance is low. He is a student, who
often doesn't speak much unless prompted. His writing is good
and I believe he has travelled or studied abroad.
- He has only attended one class at the beginning of the year.
Susanna - She has only attended one class at the beginning
of the year.
the lesson rationale - page 2 of 4
to the articles index