lecture, Shanghai - Prof.
Edna Aphek, seminar, Shanghai 18.6.2000
Added Value - part 2
do all these theories share in common?
they view education as a complex system in which learning
is less tightly structured, and its outcomes not always predictable.They
view both education and learners abilities as ever developing
and not static. They all break away from the traditional way
of teaching according to the disciplines.These theories place
much emphasis on the thinking processes and avoid rote memorization.
Many of the aforementioned theories personalize instruction
and maintain that different learners have different learning
styles and therefore should learn in a way unique to each
of them. Learning out of interest becomes an important aspect
in postmodern pedagogy.
Relationship between school and community becomes very tight,
according to many of the leading names in education, be it
Gardner or Ted Sizer, Goleman and Aphek, all are great believers
in service learning and in the development of social skills.
Students working together, like in an orchestra, cooperating
and creating a larger whole by each doing his/her share, is
much emphasized in the new educational theories. Students
performance rather than students memorizing or doing well
on tests, is a key term in innovative pedagogy .
let's take a look at the computer, and we shall see that it's
the right tool, at just the right time, for supporting the
innovative ideas in education.
the computer is:
learning, working, playing environment which is :
and dynamic, rapidly changing
Multifaceted , Multimedia, combination of several components-
text, sound, graphics and soon fragrance
Multi directional - (the hyperlink) imitating the human brain
A - disciplinary
Participatory in nature
A storage for huge amounts of information
A system for fast information retrieval
A means of communication
A key to a career
The computer is
Very popular with youngsters
Non-judgmental, never insults and never rejects
the aforementioned pedagogic theories can and are implemented
with out computers.But when the unique capabilities of the
computer and its unique advantages meet the introduction of
these theories in the classroom, both are empowered.
The computer new pedagogic theories relationship is quite
The computer easifies the implementation of these theories
and these theories pave the way for smooth introduction of
Perkins, Sizer and others are looking for the training of
the intellectual abilities, then The computer becomes an "intellectual
partner that facilitates knowledge construction" rather
than knowledge gathering, "engages learners in thinking
deeply about the content they are studying" (Jonassen
21) and helps them translate abstractions into new media .
's the marriage between the new ways of learning and instruction
and the powerful multifaceted tool made by man, the computer,
that will benefit the two.
Cooperative learning in projects is enhanced by computer usage,
and computers are more easily accepted by teachers who worked
in this method: requiring students to use multiple sources
in their work, besides books, will send them to surf the internet
and the existence of the internet makes this requirement possible.The
same is true of personalizing instruction and reflecting over
Learning according to one's pace, abilities and interest,
becomes a viable option.
added value of the computer then is its capacity to accelerate
the improvement of education for a better tomorrow.
to the first part
the Shanghai Course article
to the articles index