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Present perfect simple or continuous by Sandra Bradwell

Timeline

Lesson materials

For stage 2

INTERVIEW

Listen to an extract from an interview with Andrea Fraser, a self-employed businesswoman who started her own recruitment consultancy two years ago.

Make a note of what she says about:

A client companies:

B new staff:

C new offices:

D a web-based recruitment service:

E being her own boss:

F her husband:


Read through the interview - what language is missing from the gaps ( _____ )?
Listen and notice the pauses and stressed words.
Listen again and complete the gaps in the script.

I - interviewer, A - Andrea

I: Andrea, you have your own company. How successful _______ _______ ________ ?

A: Well, I' ___ ______ ________ my own business for just over two years now, and er and in that time we' ______ ____________ about a hundred and twenty client companies, which is one a week on average. So, I would say pretty successful. I mean, er well, the business ______ _______ successful right from day one, but for the last six months it' ___ _________ _____________ really fast ……. I' _____ __________ on three new staff members, and recently I'____ _______ ________________ for new offices - there just isn't enough space here any more ….. And er we, we'______ also just __________________ up a new web-based recruitment service, which is doing really well, it's very popular …..

I: So it's definitely worth making the move to working for yourself?

A: Well yes, yes for me, because I'____ always _____________ to be my own boss. And, and it's great, you know, you have the freedom and the independence to do what you want you, you make all the decisions… but erm well, it is, it is incredibly hard work. You know, it's very hard to ever switch off completely erm - I mean, I I really do work twelve hours a day, six, well seven days a week. There's very little free time and everything else just has to fit in around work, really. Um…

I: You have an understanding husband, though?

A: Oh yes. I'm very lucky that he's extremely supportive, yes, yes. It does help.


Which two verb forms are in the gaps?
Why are two different forms used? The expressions in bold may help you.

For stage 5

GRAMMAR ANALYSIS
The two verb forms in the gaps are:

NAME  
FORM to _________ + _____________
USES

A complete / instant actions _________now ........ number of things achieved _________now ........B with state verbs (be, like, know, hear ) _________now ........

** see state verbs student bk page 147 A3

 

NAME  
FORM to ________ + ________ + ______________
USES C focuses on duration of activity over period of time e.g. for just over 2 years (possibly unfinished activity) _________now ........D repetition of activity over period of time _________now ........

· Both forms talk about something BEFORE the present and which affects the PRESENT NOW.

· Some of the most common verbs used in the present perfect simple form:
(Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English page 464)

have +
been
had
got
gone
done
made
seen
come
said
taken
become
given
shown
thought
called
put
lost
won

· These forms are usually found in:

Biographical details
News Items

PRONUNCIATION

· Which words are stressed?

Well, I've been running my own business

I've been looking for new offices

It's been growing really fast

We've attracted about a hundred and twenty...

The business has been successful

We've also just started up a ...

· What happens to have / have been / has been ?

Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate Module 5 Language Focus 2

For stage 8

Prompts cut up on card from students' book page 58

1a He's stood on one leg for thirty-six hours.

1b He's been standing on one leg for thirty-six hours.

2a They've been learning about nuclear physics.

2b They've learned about nuclear physics.

3a She's won an Olympic medal.

3b She's been winning an Olympic medal.

4a They've painted their ceiling.

4b They've been painting their ceiling.

5a She's made over twenty phone calls.

5b She's been making over twenty phone calls.

6a He's owned the restaurant for fifty years.

6b He's been owning the restaurant for fifty years.

 

FIND SOMEONE WHO..... Name (s)
1. ... has studied / has been studying English for less than six years.  
2. ... has studied / has been studying another language. Which?  
3. ... has always lived / has always been living in the same city.  
4. ... has worked / has been working with computers in the last five years.  
5. ... has had / has been having more than two different jobs.  
6. ... has worked / has been working on a new project recently. What?  

For stage 9

CANDIDATE
You are going to be interviewed for a very good job. Decide on the details of your life
and make brief notes for the ideas below.Do not write complete sentences.

Your studies - what? why? how long / studying?

Your present job - how long? what / do? recent projects? do / anything special?

Languages - which / studied? how long? why? Family
married? how long? what does he/she do?

Interest in new job - why? what / looking for?

Hobbies - what? how long?

 

INTERVIEWER
You are going to interview a person for the job you have vacant. Prepare a few questions to ask using the ideas below.

His/Her studies - what? why? how long / studying?

His/Her present job - how long? what / do? recent projects? do / anything special?

Languages - which / studied? how long? why?

Family - married? how long? what does he/she do?

Interest in new job - why? what / looking for?

Hobbies - what? how long?

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