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Examples to accompany the Componential Analysis Teaching Tip

An 'x' means that the two correspon & '(-)' means that it can be negative. You may well disagree with the charts - change them to fit in with how you see & use the language & add any extra collocates you want to deal with. Give out the students a blank chart to fill in & then compare with yours.

1. To help students distinguish between
'pretty',' handsome', 'charming' & 'lovely'

  pretty handsome charming lovely
woman
x
x
x
x
girl
x
 
x
x
man
x (-)
x
x
x
boy
x (-)
x
x
x
house
x
 
x
x
countryside
x
 
x
x
view
x
 
x
x
flower
x
   
x
meal      
x
picture
x
 
x
x
story    
x
x
animal
x
   
x
weather    
x
x
voice
x
 
x
x
time      
x
??        

2. To help students distinguish between
'damage', 'harm' & 'hurt'

  damage harm hurt
a person  
x
x
a limb
x
 
x
one's self
x
   
a reputation
x
   
the countyrside
x
   
a painting
x
   
somebody's feelings    
x
??      

3. To help students distinguish between
'beat', 'earn', 'gain' & 'win'

  beat earn gain win
an opponent
x
     
money  
x
 
x
a reputation  
x
   
a football match      
x
somebody in a competition
x
     
a living  
x
   
weight    
x
 
experience  
 
x
 
a victory  
x
 
x
an advantage    
x
 
time    
x
 
??        

4. To help students distinguish between
'expect', 'hope', 'look forward to' & 'wait'

  expect hope look forward to wait
something nice
x
 
x
 
a letter
x
 
x
 
for a letter  
x
 
x
to receive a letter
x
x
 
x
for good news  
x
 
x
the party    
x
 
a person
x
     
for the bus      
x
for good weather  
x
 
x
so
x
x
   
somebody to arrive
x
     
to feel tired
x
x
 
x
??        

 

Back to the blank charts

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