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St George's Day

Slaying Dragons

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21st April 2014

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CAMBRIDGE ESOL DELTA MODULES 1 & 3 - ONLINE PREPARATION
If you are thinking of tackling the Cambridge DELTA modules, we are running online Module 1 & Module 3 preparation courses at Developing Courses.com.
These are three month courses lead up to the exam/entry dates. For more information on both courses:
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Chester School
Cambridge ESOL CELTA
in Madrid, Spain

NEW ARTICLES ON THE SITE - if you have an article you would like published, do send it in.

Global Business Etiquette & Intercultural Communication by Hasan Bilokcuoglu

In today's world we are living in, particularly in the business context, there has been an increasingly interest towards the target culture and their business etiquette in both the advanced and the developing countries. Due to the growth in recent technologies, the Notion of global market, which are interconnecting the countries together, and various consumer needs, it becomes essential to appreciate, understand and get familiar with the target's cultural diverges so as to maintain sustainability in the international business environment. The most recent studies demonstrate that there are three important factors that are leading to failure of international business affairs: deficiency in intercultural skills and competence, poor communication skills at a global level, and failure in practicing acceptable etiquette in business negotiations. Thus, business from various countries should acknowledge and become aware of the significance of understanding the cultures and values of their targets. In addition, they should build up sensitivity and decorum in their intercultural communication.
This paper aims at reviewing the importance and the role of etiquette in international business affairs explicating the recent opportunities, challenges, and benefits in understanding proper international etiquette. Moreover, the paper examines the recent literature on the following countries' business etiquette, Chinese, English, German, and Japanese business etiquette, as well as some significant business failures because of ignorance in cultural awareness.

http://developingteachers.com/articles_tchtraining/bizetiquette1_hasan.htm

Worm's-Eye View; The Impact of Policy and Research on the Classroom Practitioner by Neil McBeath

Introduction
This paper is written from the perspective of a long-serving expatriate classroom practitioner working in the Arab Gulf, and is based on a presentation given at the 2013 Fourth Annual Gulf Comparative Education Symposium. It offers a critical examination of Kennedy's (2001) model of Language Policy and Planning, explaining how that model operates within the Arab Gulf educational context, but simultaneously questioning Kennedy's relegation of teachers to the category of "variables".
The paper argues that teachers ought to be regarded as far more than delivery agents who are tasked with passing on a set curriculum to a homogenous student population, and guaranteeing results that will satisfy the demands of external stakeholders. It suggests that truly dedicated teachers share specific inspirational qualities, and have also adopted recognizable "best practices" that make then central to the entire educational process.

http://developingteachers.com/articles_tchtraining/worm_view1_neil.htm

LOTS OF ARTICLES
Do check out all of the articles at:
http://www.developingteachers.com/articles_tchtraining/articles_index.htm

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INTERESTING LINKS:

5 techniques to speak any language: Sid Efromovich at TEDxUppe
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WLHr1_EVtQ#t=105

How to learn any language in six months: Chris Lonsdale at TEDxLing
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0yGdNEWdn0

It's time to challenge the notion that there is only one way to speak English
Why do we persist in thinking that standard English is right, when it is spoken by only 15% of the British population? Linguistics-loving Harry Ritchie blames Noam Chomsky
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/dec/31/one-way-speak-english-
standard-spoken-british-linguistics-chomsky

PROFILE Issues in Teachers' Professional Development - go to the archives to read issues for free.
http://www.revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/profile/issue/archive

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Here is some material & links for the recent Record Store Day:
http://developingteachers.com/tips/pasttips197.htm
& Crossword Day:
http://developingteachers.com/tips/pasttips183.htm

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"Meddle not in the affairs of dragons, for you art crunchy and good with ketchup."
Anon

And here is some material for St George's Day, the parton saint of England on the 23rd.

The first is a general description about the day & the second is a reduced version of the George & the Dragon story. Later there are a couple of ideas for younger learner classes & a couple of links to dragon-related websites.

An appropriate way to use this first text might be to cut up every section & ask students in pairs/small groups to put it in a logical order. Beforehand briefly look at how a text has coherence through the cohesive devices & logical links. Or leave this till after, eliciting the things that helped them decide on the order, collating the class ideas on the board & adding in a few of your own if they are missed out. When completed, the students could compare ideas & then compare with the original version.

Then you could move to the content of the text by asking if there is any information in the text that they knew about beforehand etc...

St George's Day - April 23: History

As with most saints, myth and legend surrounds St George and of how a Roman soldier came to be regarded as the essence of England.

He is most famously known as the brave slayer of the dragon and saviour of the maiden but, although this story exists in a number of different medieval texts and art, it has no historical basis.

There is very little information about the life St George, but it is known that he was not English.

He is thought to have been an early Christian martyr from the area of modern day Turkey, who was executed in Palestine in the third century.

Legends about his valorous deeds as a soldier-saint began in the 6th century and by the 12th century the famous story about his rescuing a king's daughter and slaying a dragon had become widespread.

Some experts think the tale is based on the Greek myth of Perseus rescuing Andromeda from a sea monster.

St George was popularised in England by Crusaders, Christian knights returning from religious wars in the Middle East.

He was supposed to have appeared to the Knights dressed in white robes decorated with a red cross during the 11th century siege of Antioch.

He became the official patron saint of England in 1425 after Henry V's victory at the Battle of Agincourt.

The Red Cross of St George is England's national flag and it also forms part of Britain's Union Jack.

However, the English are not the only people to stake a claim in St George.

In the Middle East, Christians invoke his powers to help exorcise demons.

In many countries St George is associated with fertility and his day marks the very beginning of summer.

In Lithuania he is revered as the guardian of animals and in parts of Spain St George's day is celebrated with feasts and gift giving.

Tintoretti - George fighting the dragon - Tintorreti

This next short text is an excerpt from the Catholic Encyclopaedia & could be used as a basis for storytelling.
1. Elicit - know any stories about dragons?
2. Pre-teach vocab & give key words: dragon, appeased, sheep, failed, children, King's daughter, sacrifice, George, spear, girdle, town, beheaded.
3. Stds then try to work out a coherent story - in pairs?
4. Stds mingle telling each other their stories >> vote on the best.
5. Handout/put on OHP the excerpt - stds compare to see who had the most similar story.
6. The stds could then use their imagination to provide different endings for the story - pairs >> class discussion.
7. Discuss as a class - any similar stories to George & the Dragon in your country/ies?

Alternatively, you could use the text as the basis for a 'dictoglosss' activity. See the Teaching Tip High Speed Dictations.

"At the town of Silene, in Libya, there was a dragon, who was appeased by being fed two sheep a day; when these failed, the townsfolk offered by lot one of their young people. One day the lot fell on the King's daughter, who was led out to the sacrifice, dressed in her wedding gown. George appeared and transfixed the dragon with his spear and then using the Princess's girdle led the bemused dragon into the town, where it was beheaded."
Catholic Encyclopaedia

Dragons are a fun vehicle for younger learner lessons so here are a few ideas:

In 'Drama With Children' by Sarah Philips (OUP) there is a lovely activity about a Dragon Hunt (from the classic Bear Hunt story). As you tell the story the youngsters do the actions & repeat sections & lots of fun is had by all. A bit of space is needed. A very good younger learner book all round which you can buy through:
Amazon.com
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0194372200/
developingteac0b

And Amazon.co.uk
http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0194372200/
developingteache

Then there is the Dragon with a cold story. A boiled down version is that the fearsome Dragon is miserable because his cold is spoiling his fun - he can't burn down houses, fight with knights or generally get up to mischief. So he goes to see a wizard who says he can cure him with a special potion (frogs legs, maggots - lots of horrible things) only if he promises to turn over a new leaf & put his fire-breathing to good use. He is so miserable he reluctantly agrees & now instead of people running away from him they smile & greet him, he helps with their fires, cooking & heating & with his huge weight, carries lots of things for them. And they live happily ever after.

The Monster vocabulary idea could be used with a dragon - the dragon can breath the words out. See Past Tips 44

A couple of dragon website links:

http://www.draconian.com/
Your online dragon resource for everything you want to know about dragons: Dragon history, dragon tattoos, dragon art, pictures of dragons, as well as dragon links to find gifts, collectables and figurines for the dragon lover in your life.

http://www.draconian.com/rings/rings.htm
Dragon webrings

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Happy teaching!

Alistair

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The Weekly Teaching Tip is written by Alistair Dickinson at Developing Teachers.com.
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