This is all to do with helping the
stds realise why they are doing what you're asking them
to do. You're helping them to develop specific skills &
if they don't know they are practising them then will they
necessarily use them again in the future when they are on
their own? Probably not.
So, for example, imagine you are looking
at a newspaper article & you want them to skim the text
(i.e. read quickly to get the general idea ) ask the stds
how they would normally tackle such a text in their native
language. Then ask them how they might read it in English
& do they use the same skills as in their native language.
I would then introduce the term 'skim' & contrast it with
'scan' (e.g. do you skim or scan a telephone directory/a
magazine article etc./a television guide?). You can then
use these terms again when looking at reading. The students
will then know why they are doing the task in such a way
& have a much better chance of transferring it to outside
Do the same with all the other skills &
sub-skills you develop. If you are in doubt as to what sub-skills
you are actually developing then look though the teachers'
manual of a good coursebook.
Awareness is part of the process
& half the battle won.
to the contents
This is related to the timetabling
tip a couple of weeks ago. Progress tests are an important
part of the process but here are a few ways of reviewing
1. Go through the timetable you gave out
at the beginning of the fortnight - elicit what you did
in each lesson & how they found it & what they feel they
need to go over again. Don't worry if you haven't covered
all in the original timetable - it was only a provisional
plan after all.
2. Give out a blank timetable grid & ask
the stds to look through their notes & the coursebook to
fill it in for the last two weeks - in the feedback a discussion
3. Give out a retrospective timetable &
go through it. i.e. write one at the end of the two weeks
of what actually happened.
4. Play a 'snail race' - put the stds
into two/three groups & they look through their notes &
the coursebook to prepare 10-15 questions based on the last
two week's work. Then bring the groups together & have a
team competition. Rotate the question & the answer teams
& the winner is the group who gets most answers right.
So what about the snail? Well, draw & cut out some snails
/ rabbits / whatever & stick them on the board - draw a
grid across the board & the snails move a square each time
their team gets a right answer until they reach the other
side of the board to win.
Clearly the main aim here is for the stds to review their
notes & then they have fun asking their questions to each
Make notes on what comes out of these activities
so you have a record of areas to feed back into future schemes
to the contents
A vocabulary presentation
There are several ways of introducing
a lexical set. Here is a teacher-fronted one which employs
a fairly comprehensive procedure for introducing active
vocab for oral production:
For each item:
-Elicit/give the item - try & get it from a std - if not
you'll have to give it
-Model - x2/3 - i.e. say it aloud so that all of the stds
can hear it - if the std is saying it well then let her/him
-Elicit the number of syllables 'How many syllables are
-Elicit the stress placement 'Where's the stress?' Model
-Chorus drill - the whole class say it x3/4
- Individual drill - dot around &
elicit it from ½ of the group in turn
- Elicit a sentence with the word in it 'Give me a sentence.'
If the sentence can highlight the meaning of the word then
all the better.
- Model x2
- Chorus drill
- Individual drill
Before going on to the next item, recap the words introduced
This has to be done swiftly & the
more you try it out the smoother & more effective it will
see this procedure in a lesson plan
the Past Teaching Tips